eLearning Heroes: SKA, KSA and SKATE

Reflecting on a course design project, I realized that SKA (defined as "entry behaviors" by Dick and Carey) was different than KSA (defined as "instructional objectives" first by Bloom and then by Mager).  I also realized that if an "entry behavior" attitude was lacking, a course might not be able to solve the problem: it is sometimes necessary to consider changing the environment, so that new experiences could lead to new attitudes. 

Proposing to change an environmental experience-based attitude with a course leads to Butler's observation: "A man convinced against his will is of the same opinion still." In this post, I make these distinctions with support from citations from Dick & Carey and Mager, and describe how their application helped solve a sticky problem and improve the chances for course success.